Jury Service

In criminal cases, an individual accused of alleged criminal conduct has a right to a trial whereby a jury of one’s peers (members of the community) determines if the evidence presented proves the accused is guilty of the conduct alleged.

In Justice Court, the jury is made up of 4 persons selected by the Prosecution and the Defense, who among other qualifications is at least 18 years old, a citizen of the United States, and resides in the county where the alleged conduct took place. 

In choosing to have a jury trial, the accused has an expectation that the jury will be impartial and objective in weighing the evidence presented, and determining if he or she has been proven guilty of the alleged criminal conduct. While jury service may not be convenient, it is most important to our criminal justice system, especially in safeguarding the constitutional rights of the accused.

Jury Information

How was I chosen?
Your name was chosen at random from driver's license and voter registration lists.
How frequently might I have to serve?
You cannot be required to serve on, or report for, more than one jury trial in a two-year period. After that, whether or not you are called again depends on if your name is randomly selected.
What if my boss doesn't want me to serve?
The law makes it clear that you must be excused from your job for jury service. You cannot be fired, demoted, or disciplined in any way for performing this public duty. Your employer faces civil and criminal penalties for violations. (Utah Code Section 78B-1-116)
Will I be paid for jury service?
You will be paid $18.50 for the first day of service and $49 for each subsequent day of service. Some employers are willing to pay their workers at the normal rate during jury service, and the workers then turn over the jury fee to the employer. If you have to drive more than 50 miles to the courthouse, the court will pay you $1 for each four-mile increment over 50 miles, one-way.
Can I be excused from jury service?
Judges can excuse you for public necessity, extreme inconvenience, or if you are incapable of jury service. Clerks can sometimes, but not always, accommodate your schedule. Everyone is inconvenienced to some degree by jury service, but for the system to work, people from all walks of life must be willing to serve. Those who refuse to complete the juror questionnaire or refuse to appear when called to serve are subject to fines and jail time for contempt of court.
Once I qualify for jury service, how long am I eligible?
You are subject to being summoned for jury service at any time during the term, until you actually attend court. After that, you cannot be summoned again for at least two years.
How do I prepare for jury service?
Be sure to arrive at the courthouse on time. A latecomer can hold up a trial involving scores of people. Instructions from the court will tell you where to park and where to report in the building. Please wear appropriate attire-most courts prohibit shorts or tank tops